Climate Change & Business Conference: Day One Communique
Day 1 of the conference started with speeches from France’s Ambassador to New Zealand, Florence Jeanblanc-Risler, and New Zealand’s Climate Change Minister, Hon Paula Bennett, on the next stages of the Paris Agreement on climate change and the implications for New Zealand.
The ambassador, whose country’s diplomacy is credited with the successful negotiation of the Paris Agreement in December 2015, said it is critical that all aspects of society get involved in developing plans to reduce global emissions.
The Minister said the Government recognised the need for policy certainty and a comprehensive plan to reduce New Zealand’s emissions in line with the country’s Paris Agreement pledge (to cut emissions by 11 per cent on 1990 levels by 2030), and said progress was being made on a cross-party consensus on climate change policy.
Diplomats and international experts outlined approaches being taken in other countries, with emphasis on the actions of the world’s largest emitters, China, the United States and the European Union.
The Ministry for the Environment’s director of climate change, Kay Harrison, said the current review of the Emissions Trading Scheme is a chance to fix mistakes in the original design to the scheme and prepare it for the Paris Agreement, which comes into force in 2021. She stressed the need to take it slowly and get it right, and said officials will be seeking more input from businesses and other organisations.
A discussion on the operation of the ETS focussed largely on the future supply of carbon credits, as New Zealand and other countries are relying on the ability to purchase credits internationally to meet their Paris Agreement pledges. There was also a good deal of discussion on how New Zealand should deal with biological emissions from agriculture, which make up nearly half New Zealand’s total emissions profile.
Examples from the real world saw businesses outlining how they are cutting emissions – Ikea has installed 700,000 solar panels on the roofs of its buildings, NZ Bus is converting its fleet of diesel buses to electricity, Fonterra is using heat recovery to avoid using more coal, and Countdown is using natural refrigeration to cut emissions and LED lights to slash energy consumption (and cutting 40 per cent off its energy bill).
The day ended with three challenges:
- From environmental group WWF to business to challenge the government to do more – along with a pat on the back from WWF to business for the progress it’s made on the issue.
- To governments from the European Union’s Ambassador-Designate to New Zealand, to do what it takes to “internalise the largest externality in history” – climate change.
- To businesses from Westpac New Zealand, to get started on carbon foot-printing, to start talking to customers and suppliers about the low-carbon economy, and to start thinking about the opportunities.
Topics on the agenda tomorrow include:
- Financing the transition to a low-carbon economy.
- A business strategy for a 2 degree future.
- Adapting to climate change.
- New Zealand’s transitional pathway.
Communique courtesy of Carbon News, New Zealand’s daily carbon market and sustainable business publication – www.carbonnews.co.nz